Orange is the fruit that grows on a tree of the Rutaceae family, the orange (Citrus sinensis). It is a hybrid fruit, the result of crossing cimboa with tangerine in ancient times.
The origin of citrus plants is as old as human history, we know that the majority of citrus fruit originated from the regions between the Southeast Himalaya and India, which currently are still in its wild state, varieties of lemon balm, lime, lemon, white sweet grapefruits, grapefruit, sweet orange, bitter or sour orange and other acid fruits acclimated or local.
It is known that the sweet orange was transported from China to Europe in the sixteenth century by the Portuguese, this is why sweet oranges are called “Portuguese” in several countries, especially in the Balkans.
Benefits of orange
Orange is well known as a source of vitamin C, which is the most important orange’s nutrient. Only 2 oranges provide the daily amount of vitamin C that the body needs.
It is an energizing fruit, laxative and helps in preventing infections, it controls blood pressure, fights cholesterol, stimulates intestinal functions, prevents colds and infections, strengthens the body’s defenses, corrects the body excess of acidity and stimulates the circulatory system in the fight against inflammation of the veins.
This fantastic fruit can also prevent cancer in the mouth, stomach, reducing the risk of stroke and the probability of tumor cell growth. It can also help in obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
100 grams of orange (Citrus sinensis) contains:
Calories – 65kcal; Protein – 0.6; Fat – 1g, Vitamin A – 195 IU, vitamin B1 (thiamine) – 135 mg, Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) – 150 mg, Vitamin B3 (Niacin) – 0.25 mg, vitamin C – 48 mg, calcium – 45 mg, Potassium – 36 mg, Phosphorus – 21 mg, Sodium – 13 mg, Sulphur – 11 mg, Magnesium – 8 mg, Chlorine – 2 mg, Silicon – 0.45 mg, Iron – 0.2 mg